FISHING IN VENEZUELA: CAURA RIVER (JUNGLE)
The Caura is the third largest river in Venezuela with some 725 kilometers of longitude, and it is the second tributary of the Orinoco. The basin of the Caura is protected by a 5,000,00 hectare forest reserve. It is possible to affirm that this is the most virgin forest of America because a big part of it is still primary which remains in its original form, and has never been touch. One of the major attractions of this river are the spectacular Pava Falls, where the river divides into seven torrents. The torrents divide the Caura in three zones Higher Caura (Alto Caura) Higher Erebato (Alto Erebato) and Lower Caura (Bajo Caura).During the rainy season the volume of water over the Pava surpasses that of Victoria Falls in Africa as well as the falls of Iguazú in Falls in the Brazil- Argentina border. The basin of the Caura is inhabited by the native ye’kawana, sanema and nomads. The Caura River is the most important of south Venezuela near the Sarisariñama and it flows toward the northwest sector of Bolivar state until it empties into the Orinoco River.
The Caura is considered the world’s lung and is one of the most important rivers of the country. The zone surrounding is a forest reserve rich in jungle, flora and fauna in which one encounters approximately 400 species of birds.
What does the Caura River Basin hold? In its 45,336 square km are virgin forests with more than 2,700 plant species, 475 bird species, 168 types of mammals, 23 kinds of reptiles, and several hundred fish species. Most of the basin is a forest preserve with several national parks and natural monuments, including the Sari Sariama sink hole, a geologic formation dating to the Precambrian period, and "tepuyes", vegetation covered mountains.
The Caura River flows 700 km from the Brazilian border, 2,000 meters above sea level, with an annual average rainfall of four meters. The Caura contributes 3,500 cubic meters of water per second to the Orinoco River.
The biodiversity of the endemic species of the plains is found in the exuberant vegetation of the jungle in a zone difficult to reach. Kilometers and kilometers of land, trees, and mountains surprise not only the tourist, but the specialists themselves who discover in this lonely territory a true scientific treasure